Scientists and climate experts all over the world have concluded that burning fossil fuels such as coal has increased the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and thus changed the global climate.
The last 10 years have been the warmest-ever on the planet since reliable measurements began in the middle of the 19th century. Changing weather patterns, melting glaciers and rising sea levels have long been observed all over the world and they have begun to affect communities in terms of health, food production, famine, mass extinctions and human mass migrations.
There is an international consensus that the average temperature worldwide must be kept under a two-degree Celsius rise in order to avoid catastrophic consequences on the environment and human life, and the IPCC estimates there will be a rise of six degrees if the current trend continues.
Global emissions therefore need to be reduced to 18.75 GT of CO2 a year by 2050. . (In 2010, global carbon emissions amounted to 30 Gt).
Achieving these targets will require more investments in green technology and renewable energy sources so that we can reduce our dependence on fossil fuels, while at the same time rethinking our consumption of energy and resources. It has been a focus area for politicians worldwide for a long time, which has resulted in many global initiatives such as the unanimous support for the Kyoto Protocol, but all these efforts have been inadequate to achieve the stated goals, which is why we need new, innovative solutions.